Direct Objects, Indirect Objects, and Objects of Propositions

Before we get started, I’d like to make it a point of saying that linking verbs can be the verb needed to make a complete sentence — well, a complete sentence. Just because there isn’t an action verb doesn’t mean that a linking verb or other type of verb (which we will get in to later) can’t be the verb to make a sentence a complete sentence.
Now then, let’s get started.

Direct and

Indirect Objects

A direct object is a noun, pronoun, adjective, or clause (main clause, subordinate clause, relative clause, and noun clause) that follows a transitive verb. (A transitive verb is just an action verb that has a direct object. If there is an action verb, but no direct object exists, it is an intransitive verb.)
To find a direct object, find the subject and verb and ask who? or what? The answer to that question is the direct object.
For example:
“Michelle read the transcript before sending it to a proofreader.”
Michelle is the subject because she answers the who/what question.

Read and sending are both verbs, but since Michelle is the only subject in this sentence and is performing each action, both verbs apply to the who/what question for the same subject. In this case, the question is “What is Michelle reading/sending?” The transcript would be your answer to that question, so transcript is your direct object.

An indirect object is when someone or something receives the direct object.
“Michelle read the transcript before sending it to a proofreader.”
In the above sentence, the indirect object is proofreader because that’s who is recieving the direct object (the transcript). If there is no direct object, there is no indirect object.

Object of Preposition

An object of preposition is when a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause is referred to by a preposition (such as to, with, on, and along). This is what’s called a prepositional phrase. Let’s go back to the example we first visited with direct objects.
“Michelle read the transcript before sending it to a proofreader.”
We already know the direct and indirect object. To find the object of preposition, we first need to find the preposition, which is to. As with this sentence, the object of preposition may not be right next to the preposition that it refers to. It won’t be far from it, but there may be one or more modifiers (in this case, a) between them.
Just remember that whatever answers the question of which one, how, when, or where is the object of preposition. If the question is which one, the prepositional phrase is functioning as an adjective. If the question is how, when, or where, the prepositional phrase is functioning as an adverb.the
It’s important to note that when looking for the preposition to be wary of infinitives (the word to plus a verb).

So Why All of This Fuss?

As with anything else, it’s important to have the basics down. The previous post and what has been discussed here is important to better understand what we’re about to dive into. I wanted to go out of my way to lay the groundwork for everything that will build on top of it. Even if everyone who reads this already knows the information, I’ll at least feel better knowing you all have a reference to look at. If this information is new to you, please take the time to really learn it. I promise it will make understanding verbals much easier.
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